Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Bioresour Technol, Volume 99, Number 18, p.8909-16 (2008)
Keywords:Adsorption, Carbon/ chemistry, Coloring Agents/chemistry, Phosphoric Acids/chemistry, Porosity, Sasa/ chemistry, Surface Properties, Temperature
High surface area activated carbons have been produced from the natural biomaterial bamboo, using phosphoric acid as the activating agent. The effects of phosphoric acid impregnation ratio, activation temperature, heating rate on the carbon surface area, porosity and mass yield are presented. Three of these bamboo derived active carbons, surface areas 1337, 1628 and 2123m(2)/g were assessed for their ability to adsorb Acid Red 18 dye from aqueous solution; these results were compared with three conventional adsorbents: activated carbon F400, bone char and peat. Isotherm data were analysed using Langmuir, Freundlich, Redlich-Peterson and Langmuir-Freundlich isotherms. Different isotherms provided the best fit correlations to the adsorption experimental data but the Langmuir-Freundlich equation provided the best overall correlation of data. The adsorption capacities of two of the selected bamboo derived carbons were much greater than the capacities of the other three adsorbents.
Using Smart Source ParsingDec; Epub 2008 Jun 24