POTTERY SHARDS IN SOIL - INDIA
Regarding impact of Pottery shards in the soil there were several questions. I had been searching for pottery shards in the agricultural fields and most often and I got to see some pottery shards in the field. Where ever agriculture was the main livelihood, high densities of populations existence, civilization at the helm and space was a constraint, innovations were adopted by humans, and such practices are sustainable even now.
For more photographs and relevant links see
The charcoal and pottery shards are the two most common by-products of human habitats. At least some charcoal / biochar along with ash was contributed by the people living in habitations in the past (see table in the above link). The availability of the quantity of such by-product, ingenious use, management and development are the aspects still to be discovered. If charcoal / pottery shards did not occur in certain areas in spite of human settlements existence, than there must be some reason yet to be discovered. But both charcoal and pottery existence as a result of human activities was beyond history, so there is no reason why these things are not seen.
The fired pottery made up of clay is most popular. Still the poor people in rural villages in parts of India cook in the clay pots. The pots used for drinking water collection is most common, even today millions of pots are produced and used all over India every year, the usage would be more especially during summers. The evaporation of the water from the fine pores of the pot cool the water inside the pot. The temperature would be at least 5 deg centigrade less than the surrounding air temp. The cooling effects would be very high under less relative humidity conditions. The roofs made up of clay tiles also provide cool shelter, and very much useful in the tropics where temperatures are very high during summers. For majority of the main festivals pots or pottery items are used. From Birth to death, for all important occasions pottery items are used.
The water tanks / ponds silt is used for pottery. The organic carbon content of the clay collected from such water tanks / ponds has around 0.9%. Such clay is mixed with a little ash+charcoal powder from the kilns.
And sometimes for fire resistance quartz sand is also used along with ash. The availability of ponds / tanks and a stream for sand helps in development of pottery.
The pieces of broken pots are thrown in a Farm Yard Manure pit. During manure spreading pottery shards also reach the fields. With time the size of the pottery shards reduces due to breaking. Ultimately over years the pottery shards spread. It was observed that the density of occurrence of pottery shards varies from field to field.
Bricks Pieces made up of clay were also seen in the fields although in few numbers. This appearance could be due to two reasons. In the fields where density of the bricks were high, the possibility is that there could have been a bricks making kiln in the fields, secondly the chance is that the bricks from the demolished houses enter into the fields as dumps.