Indonesia: Charcoal production for Carbon Sequestration

Tom Miles

Charcoal production for carbon sequestration (1.1 mb pdf)
Gustan Pari, Djeni Hendra, Dadang Setiawan, Mahpudin Saepuloh, Salim Soleh, Mad Ali (Forest Products Technology Research and Development Center) and Kiyoshi Miyakuni, Nobuo Ishibashi(Japan International Cooperation Agency) April 2004
Demonstration Study on Carbon Fixing Forest Management in Indonesia

See also:Trials on Some of Charcoal Production Methods for Carbon Sequestration in Indonesia Kazuya Ando, Nobuo Ishibashi, Gustan Pari, Kiyoshi Miyakuni 2004

1. Purposes
This report is to compare several types of kilns and find out effective charcoal
production methods for CDM projects, and evaluate viability of charcoal production for
carbon sequestration.
(1) Comparison of efficiency among several types of charcoal production method
i. Efficiency for carbonization (carbon yield): The amount of CO2 emitted in the
process of carbonization must be decreased.
ii. Cost efficiency: costs for producing 1 ton charcoal or carbon: Not only the costs
for producing charcoal, but also for carbon should be analyzed.
(2) Estimation of potential for carbon fixation potential by charcoal production: How
much carbon can be stored in charcoal? The amount of wood residue must be
estimated.

It must be mentioned that charcoal production is not admitted as CDM project at
present. This report is only for demonstrating the viability and efficiency of charcoal
production for carbon sequestration.

2. Sites for field trials
(1) West Java: See Fig.1 for the map
a. Forest Product Research and Development Center in Bogor city
b. Shrubs and secondary forest area under the jurisdiction of PT. Perhutani, Unit III,
KPH (forest district) Bogor: After shrubs or secondary forests were cut for land
preparation, using the wood material, charcoal was produced. Charcoal
production was conducted mainly from July until October 2001. Some of the
produced charcoal were clashed and put in the planting holes for accelerating the
growth of seedlings.

After charcoal production, Acacia mangium (in Marbaya), Shorea leprosula
(in Ngasuh) and Pinus merkusii (in Cianten) were planted at three locations from
the end of 2001 until the beginning of 2002.
Many local residents had been experienced charcoal making before this
project started. Earth pit kiln is the common method in this area.
i. : RPH (ranger district) Maribaya, BKPH (forest subdistrict)
Parungpanjang: Charcoal making is common in this area.
ii. : RPH Ngasuh, BKPH Jasinga: Charcoal making is common in this
area. Among three sites in West Java, local residents in this area were the most
skilled makers.
iii. : RPH Cianten, BKPH Leuwiliang: Only one person in villages
around this site had been experienced charcoal making.

(2) East Kalimantan: See Fig.2 for the map
Toho experimental site of Yayasan Dian Tama (Its office is located in
Pontianak, Capital city of West Kalimantan), local NGO for community
development.
In the experimental site, several types of kilns had been constructed. Brick kiln
(called Sugiura kiln), Yoshimura kiln, drum kiln and other types had been build
there. Some of them were introduced by